How Much Money Can You Earn as a Chef?
Upon graduation from Culinary Arts school, don’t be surprised to see a wide range of salaries across available professional culinary jobs offerings. Contemporary chefs work in a wide array of kitchens job, in environments that require varying levels of skill.
Compensation is based on a host of factors, some within your control and others that are not. To be sure, a comprehensive culinary arts education increases your mobility potential in the kitchen, and instills a skill-set that is preparatory for entry-level employment in a wide range of kitchen roles.
Your first job in a kitchen will not be as the Executive Chef, so measure your expectations early on, as you carve out your culinary niche. The hospitality industry promotes from within, so there is always a strong incentive to put your most professional foot forward, no matter what kitchen job you are working.
Business and management training are educational segments that provide for higher-level management roles in the kitchen, and beyond. If your aspirations include Executive Chef and other upper-level hospitality positions, it is imperative that you include budgeting, supervising, food-cost analysis, and purchasing in the scope of your schooling.
Top Salaries for Chefs
The Executive Chef position stands as the top placeholder within the hierarchical French ‘brigade’ system of kitchen staff organization. Though the job is the pinnacle of kitchen employment, the pay scale varies widely across the profession. For example, the Executive Chef for the White House earns a surprisingly modest salary--under $100,000--given the importance and notoriety of the position.
Top dollar Executive Chef jobs are limited, but leading positions are available at fine-dining restaurants, and in domestic and international resorts and hotels. Common salaries for head chefs are between $50,000 and $100,000, with the highest salaries awarded by the largest and most reputable properties.
Entrepreneurialism is a worthy pursuit for chef school graduates, and can lead to unlimited income potential. The food revolution that has occurred in the early twenty-first century points to a celebrity food culture, bringing TV chefs into the mainstream. The Food Network has launched noted careers like Bobby Flay’s and Rachel Ray’s. Through endorsements, cross marketing, cookbooks, and other brand-specific endeavors, these celebrity chefs have upped the income ante for culinary hopefuls.
The restaurant business is highly competitive, and stands as one of the most volatile start-up business sectors, but there are success stories in every major city. The percentage of cooking professionals who become wealthy celebrity chefs, of iconic household-name status is small, but as foodie love continues to propel the industry, chef millionaires are increasing in numbers.
Median Chef Salaries
The real workhorses of the kitchen might be line cooks, chef’s assistants, and other kitchen role-players. Entry level work is usually not salaried, with earnings in the $8-$15 per hour range commonly found. Pastry Chefs and Sous Chefs stand between Executives and line-cooks in the hierarchy, and on the pay scale, in most kitchens. Salaries at this level are determined in large part, by specific responsibilities within the kitchen, and regional economic factors.
For example, a managing Sous Chef working in an upscale restaurant in New York City can expect to earn considerably more than a non-supervising Sous Chef working at a smaller property in Cleveland.
In general, median salaries for assistant chefs, sous chefs and head cooks lie somewhere between $30,000 and $50,000 annually.
Determine How Much You Earn
Salaries, in most cases, are not arbitrarily derived. A host of factors influence your ability to earn in a kitchen, including:
- Type of dining establishment
- Specific responsibilities
- General economic conditions
- Size of property
As a Culinary Arts graduate, don’t be afraid to think outside the box, when seeking employment. The hospitality and food service industries serve a wide variety of gastronomic functions. Modern chefs and cooks work at:
- Fine dining restaurants
- Catering companies
- Corporate facilities
- Cruise lines
- Fast food restaurants
- Personal chef companies
In general, some of the most highly coveted Executive Chef jobs are found at:
- Upscale domestic and international resorts
- High-end hotels
- Top rated fine dining restaurants in major metro areas
- The Food Network
Food-service cooking jobs requiring less training, and yielding less income potential might be found at:
- Hospitals and nursing homes
- Schools cafeterias
- Fast food and casual dining restaurants
- Grocery stores and delis
- Culinary Arts Schools
- Le Cordon Bleu
- The Art Institutes
- Kitchen Academy
- Johnson and Wales
- French Culinary Institute
- New England Culinary Institute
- Culinary Majors
- Culinary Arts
- Baking & Pastry Arts
- Food Prep/Prof. Cooking
- Hotel & Restaurant Management
- Culinary Arts Management
- Wine, Spirits & Beverage Management